The Roman Theatre of Amman is a 6,000-seat, 2nd-century CE Roman era theatre, a famous landmark in the Jordanian capital, it dates back to the Roman period when the city was known as Philadelphia.
The Roman Amphitheatre is located in the eastern part of the Jordanian capital, Amman. It is specifically at the foot of Jabal al-Joufah, on a hill opposite the Amman Citadel. A Greek inscription on one of the pillars indicates that this amphitheater was built in honour of Emperor Antoninus Pius (138–161 CE).
The large and steeply raked structure could seat about 6,000 people: built into the hillside, it was oriented north to keep the sun off the spectators.
It was divided into three horizontal sections (diazomata). Side entrances (paradoi) existed at ground level, one leading to the orchestra and the other to the stage. Rooms behind these entrances now house the Jordan Museum of Popular Tradition on the one side, and the Jordan Folklore Museum on the other side. The highest section of seats in a theatre, known in British English as “the gods”, even though far from the stage, offer here excellent sightlines, while the actors can be clearly heard, owing to the steepness of the cavea.