The Jordanian capital, Amman, is mentioned in the Bible by the name of Rabath Ammon in the story of King Og, an Ammonite King famed for being a giant of a man (Deuteronomy 3:11).
The city was also known as Philadelphia, named so in the 3rd century BC after the Ptolemic ruler Philadelphus.
Amman today boasts a number of important ruins, including the Roman Theatre, a Roman temple and several Byzantine churches. The archeological museum situated in the Citadel owns one of the finest collections of ancient artifacts in the Middle East, including some of the Copper Dead Sea scrolls.
The modern capital is well-known for its excellent infrastructure, museums, fascinating shops, gourmet restaurants, luxurious hotels and recreational facilities.